Office Hours: TTh 12:30-1:30 p.m., and by appointment, Gregory 154

Class Meeting Time: TTh 9:30-10:45 a.m., Henkel 107

Thursday, February 27, 2014

[Archive] Death and the King's Horseman Assignment for 2/27/14

The class will divide into three groups, each of which will address all of the following questions. For each question, provide textual evidence (quotation and page number). Each group will submit its answers as a comment to this post by 5:00 p.m. on Friday, 2/28/14. This is a graded assignment. Questions #1-4 will count as one participation grade; #5-9 will count as a second participation grade. Each correct extra credit answer counts as one point, such that it is possible to earn one grade of 5 and one of 6 on a 4-point scale.

1. Why does Olunde refuse to look at his father?
2. Why does Iyaloja assent to Elesin’s marriage to her son’s fiancé?
3. Elesin does/not die at the appointed time (which is it?)
4. Whose visit to the colony is Pilkings afraid that Elesin's ritual will mar?
5. What religion are Joseph and Amusa?
6. Why and how does Olunde end up dead?
7. Name an animal killed to accompany the king into the next life.
8. Who or what impedes (or tries to impede) Elesin's ritual?
9. Bibliographic citation of the edition of the play your group used, as it would appear in a list of Works Cited.

Extra Credit:
1. What does Elesin's new bride do as part of his burial ceremony?
2. To whom does Jane Pilkings speak to outside the ball?

A note on submission: Each group will submit one set of answers. Each set of answers must include all group members' names. The submitting group member will require an online profile in order to submit the group's answers. You are welcome to disable that profile or delete your post after the conclusion of the semester if you wish. If any group member has concerns regarding posting online, please speak to me individually for alternate submission arrangements.

12 comments:

  1. Death and The King’s Horseman

    1.) Olunde was forbidden to set eyes on his father from the moment of the kings death.
    2.) Iyaloja said that “My son’s wish is mine” that whatever her son wants she is going to give him that wish. (quote on pg. 21).
    3.) Elesin did not die at the time he was appointed to. His death was supposed to occur the 30 days after the Alafin, the completion of the full moon. He was to do die with the king.
    4.) The prince was touring the colonies.
    5.) Joseph is catholic and amusa is muslim.
    6.) Olunde is end up death because his father disowned him but that does not mean the same in Yoruban Culture. Olunde will always be a part of their culture but he feels like he has not fulfilled his end of the bargain with his father so he sacrifices himself because he wants to prevent dishonour upon his family and he wants to restore the world in order.
    7.) Chief horsman is his favorite horse and his dog.
    8.) He tried to interfere with the communies cultural beliefs.
    9.) Soyinka, Wole. _Death and the King's Horseman_. New York: Norton, 1975. Print.
    sdfs
    Bonus: 2
    - She speaks to Elesin’s son Olunde from shadows and he talks about the british and how they are disrespectful but he honors their men in fighting in WW2.

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    Replies
    1. Hannah Patel, Jaylan Street, Tawah Alsindi

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  2. Nicole Pierson
    Shannon Kelly
    Rachel Cerretani
    Kiersten Michel

    1. His father did not go through with the transfer of realms. "Olunde: I have no father, eater of left-overs." pg. 50

    2. Elesin is about to become an ancestor. Iyaloja wants to give him everything he wants so he is pleased when he goes to the next life. "Iyaloja: My son's wish is mine. I did the asking for him, the loss can be remedied. But who will remedy the blight of closed hands on the day when all should be openness and light? Tell him, you say! You wish that I burden him with knowledge that will sour his wish and lay regrets on the last moments of his mind. You pray to him who is your intercessor to the world- don't set this world adrift in your own time; would you rather it was my hand whose sacrilege wrenched it loose?" pg.16

    3. Elesin does not die at the appointed time. "Elesin: The night is not at peace, ghostly one. The world is not at peace. You have shattered the peace of the world for ever. There is no sleep in the world tonight…You did not save my life, District Officer. You destroyed it." pg. 50

    4. Olunde. "Olunde: And now I must go. I must see him before he turns cold. Pilkings: Oh ah…em…but this is a shock to see you. I mean er thinking all this while you were in England and thanking God for that." pg. 47

    5. Joseph is a Christian. "Pilkings: Joseph, are you a christian or not? Joseph: Yessir" pg. 21. Amusa is a Muslim. "Pilkings: Nonsense, he's a Moslem. Come on Amusa, you don't believe in all this nonsense do you? I thought you were a good Moslem." pg. 19

    6. Olunde transfers realms in place of his father. "Iyaloja: Your courier Elesin, cast your eyes on the favoured companion of the King. [Rolled up in the mat, his head and feet showing at either end, is the body of Olunde.] There lies the honor of your household and of our race. Because he could not bear to let honor fly out of doors, he stopped it with his life. The son has proved the father, Elesin, and there is nothing left in your mouth to gnash but infant gums." pg. 62

    7. The King's favorite horse and favorite dog accompany him into the next life. "Iyaloja: They have slain the favourite horse the King and slain his dog." pg.60

    8. Simon Pilkings and two constables impede Elesin's ritual. "Pilkings: Well, I did my duty as I saw it. I have no regrets."

    9. Soyinka, Wole. Death and the King’s Horseman. New York, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. 2003. Print.

    *Bonus*

    1. Elesin's new bride closes Elesin's eyes and pours some earth over his eyelids. "[The girl takes up a little earth, walks calmly into the cell and closes Elesin's eyes. She then pours some earth over each eyelid and comes out again.]" pg. 63

    2. Olunde. "Jane: Olunde! Let's look at you. What a fine young man you have become. Grand but solemn. Good God, when did you return? Simon never said a word. But you do well Olunde. Really!" pg.40

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  3. Alyssa Skelly, Domonique Hopkins, Xavior Williams, Ansel Borhauer, Jasmine Lewis

    1. Olunde refuses to look at his father because Elesin did not commit the ritual suicide like he was supposed too: “Elesin confronted by the seeming statue of his son, stops dead. Olunde stares above his head into the distance” (60). After hearing his father call to him, Olunde says, “I have no father” (61).

    2. Iyaloja assents to Elesin’s marriage to her son’s fiancé because she claims that “it is good that your loins be drained into the earth we know, that your last strength be ploughed back into the womb that gave you being” (22), with Iyaloja referring to Elesin. She also goes on to say that “it is those who stand at the great gateway of the great change that we must pay heed... As if the timelessness of the ancestor would and the unborn have joined spirits to wring an issue of the elusive being of passage” (22), indicating the importance and rarity of this marriage.

    3. Elesin does not die at the appointed time because the women claims that much of the world has been destroyed due to the wrong timing: “Olori Elesin, Commander of the Horse: You believed the stranger, and the world broke over your head. You believed in the new time- as yet we cannot tell how much of our world is destroyed” (88). This quote show the women speaking of the world being destroyed because Elesin listens to a stranger and kills himself after his son already committed suicide, disturbing the original order of the universe.

    4. The Prince of England: “(Pilkings): You know the Prince is on a tour of the colonies don’t you? Well, he docked in the capital only this morning but he is already at the Residency. He is going to grace the ball with his presence later tonight” (33). The couple goes on to converse: “(Jane): I wonder what he’ll come as. (Pilkings): Oh I don’t know. As a coat-of-arms perhaps. Anyway it won’t be anything to touch this” (33). As the couple establishes the importance of the Prince, Jane then decides to get gloves so as to not touch the Prince and tarnish his appearance (22).

    5. Amusa is Muslim and Joseph is Christian: “(Pilkings): Nonsense he’s a moslem” (24), referring to Amusa. “(Pilkings) Joseph, are you a Christian or not? (Joseph) Yessir” (27).

    6. Olunde, comes back from studying medicine in Europe, and commits ritual suicide in place of his father: “Today a child must carry a father’s burden.. Today I will face the gatekeepers of heaven preparing the glorious entry of my king! He stabs himself” (85-86)

    7. The king’s horse and dog were killed: “(Elesin): Yes. It is nearly time. The King’s dog has been killed. The King’s favourite horse is about to follow his master. My brother chiefs know their task and perform it well” (40). This passage, spoken by Elesin, shows the order of the sacrifices that must be made with the King, with the dog, then the horse, and then Elesin as the final sacrifice.

    8. Simon Pilkings tried to impede the ritual because he thought it was barbaric and illegal: “(Elesin) White man, you must let me out. I have a duty to perform. (Pilkings) I most certainly will not” (73).

    Extra Credit:
    1. Elesin’s bride, after he strangles himself to death with a chain, closes Elesin’s eyes with dirt: “The girl takes up a little earth, walks calmly into the cell and closes Elesin’s eyes. She then pours some earth over each eyelid and comes out again” (76).

    2. Jane Pilkings speaks to Olunde outside of the ball: “(Olunde) (emerging into the light): I didn’t mean to startle you madam. I am looking for the district officer. (Jane): Wait a minute.. Don’t I know you? Yes, you are Olunde, the young man who…” (50), showing the beginning of the conversation between Mrs. Pilkings and Olunde after the ball.

    Works Cited

    Soyinka, Wole. Death and the King's Horseman. New York: Norton, 1975. Print.
    Soyinka, Wole, and Simon Gikandi. Death and the king's horseman: authoritative text :
    backgrounds and contexts, criticism. New York: Norton, 2003. Print.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Zadok Miller, Tyler Coleman, Josh Kramolisch, Michael Wroble



    1. Because he is ashamed that his father did not go through with the ritual. Top of page 50. “I have no father, eater of leftovers”, meaning that he has essentially disowned his father for the wrong he has committed by not going through with the ritual as planned.


    2. Because they think highly of their elders, and they do not want to disrespect them as they leave this earth into a new realm, and they do not want to rob him of his last wishes. Page 16, “The voice I hear is already touched by the waiting fingers of our departed. I dare not refuse.”
    3. Top of page 49, He is expected to be dead but Olunde hears his voice. “That was my fathers voice”, he said that almost in disbelief because he was already expecting him to be dead. So he DOES NOT die at the appointed time.


    4. Middle of page 26, “you know the prince is on a tour of the colonies don’t you? Well, he docked in the capitol only this morning but he is already at the residency. He is going to grace the ball with presence later tonight.” So Pilkings fears that his presence will mar the ritual because the ritual has yet to be committed yet.


    5. Joseph is Christian, bottom of page 21 Pilkings says “Joseph, are you a Christian or not?” and Joseph replies, “yessir”, Amusa is Muslim because he is upset how they are using the death masks in a non religious manner, middle of page 19. “I beg you, take it off. Is not good for man like you to touch that cloth”, meaning it is disrespectful for him to make play of Amusa’s religion.


    6. Bottom of page 61 into page 62. “There lies the honour of your household and of our race. Because he could not bear to let honour fly out of doors, he stopped it with his life.” He transforms himself into the new realm, since his father did not so that he could still honour the ritual.


    7. The horse will accompany the king into the next life as stated in the text by the praise singer “He says a horse may stumble on strange boulders and be lamed, so he races on before the horse to heaven.”


    8. Pilkings tries to arrest Elisin before the ritual. Bottom of page 20. Pilkings states “ No-o. I’ll have the man arrested. Everyone remotely involved. In any case there may be nothing to it.”


    9. Soyinka, Wole. Death and the King’s Horseman. New York, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. 2003. Print.


    Extra Credit

    1. On page 63 they describe what Elesin’s bride does, “The girl takes up a little earth, walks calmly into the cell and closes Elesin's eyes. She then pours some earth over each eyelid and comes out again."


    2. On page 38 there is stage note that says “On their way out THE Resident gives an order to his Aide-De-Camp. They come into the side corridor where the hands the note to Pilkings”. Pilkings talks to the Resident outside the hall.

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  5. Cristen, Emmy Jo, Alyssa, Ben and Clayton.

    1.) Olunde doesn't want to have bad luck and bad things happen to him since his father was"cursed" because he didn't pass over during the ritual. When things go wrong with the ritual, the village peoples have bad things happen to them because the ancestors are angry. Elesin knows this because he tells Olunde "Oh son, don't let the sight of your father turn you blind!", because he knows how much of a disgrace he now is because he messed up the ritual (Soyinka 49).

    2.) Iyaloga allows Elesin to have her son's bride because Elesin will soon be an ancestor and everyone wants to please the ancestors as much as they can so they will bring good tidings to the village. She wants to make Elesin as happy as possible so he will be kind once he is an ancestor. Iyaloja says no one wants to displease an ancestor because they fear the wrath of an angry ancestor. She says: "Only the curses of the departed are to be feared. The claims of one whose foot is on the threshold of their abode surpasses even the claims of blood. It is impiety even to place hindrances in their ways" (Soyinka 16-17).

    3.) Elesin does not die during the ritual as he is supposed to because Pilkings comes and interrupts the ritual. When Pilkings and Elesin are talking and Pilkings says he saved Elesin's life, but Elesin says: "You did not save my life . . . You destroyed it." But Pilkings stands by what he did saying: "Well, I did my duty as I saw it. I have no regrets" (Soyinka 50-51).

    4.) The Prince is coming to Yoruba for the masqarade and Pilkings is worried if the Prince hears of Elesin's ritual, he will think Pilkings does not have control of his district and Pilkings does not want to look incompetent in front the Prince. At the masquerade, the Resident tells Pilkings: "I didn't want to interrupt unless really necessary.", meaning he didn't want to cause a scene and alarm the Prince when he brought the news of Elesin's ritual to Pilkings (Soyinka 38).

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  6. Cristen, Emmy Jo, Alyssa, Ben, Clayton

    5.) Joseph and Amusa identify themselves as Christians because that's what the Pilkings want from them since they work for them. Pilkings asks Joseph: ". . . Are you a Christian or are you not?", to which Joseph responds: "Yessir" (Soyinka 21). But it is clear they still identify with their old religion because when Amusa sees Simon and Jane in traditional costumes, poking fun at the villagers, she doesn't want to look at them or make eyes contact while their wearing the costumes. On the page, Amusa says: "Sir, I cannot talk this matter to you in that dress" (Soyinka 19).

    6.) Olunde dies because he performs the passing over ritual his father didn't complete. He does so in order to preserve his family name and to help the villagers by not angering the ancestors. Olunde was meant to be Elesin's heir and be the next King's Horseman, therefore he passed over in his father's place to appease the ancestors. Olunde is last seen going back the way his father had come, the stage directions say: he walks slowly down the way his father had run (Soyinka 50), implying he went back to the ritual site. Olunde's dead body is ceremoniously brought back in,wrapped in cloth and carried by singing women with the Praise-Singer and Drummer.

    7.) A horse was killed for Elesin's ritual because Elesin was the King's Horseman and the horse was meant to carry Elesin over to the side of the ancestors. Iyaloja says: "They have slain the favorite horse of the King . . . But the rider has chosen to stay behind" (Soyinka 60).

    8.) Pilkings stops Elesin's ritual. Pilkings is told of Elesin's ritual and he leaves to stop it (Soyinka 38-40). Pilkings and Elesin are later discussing the interruption and Pilkings says he saved Elesin's life (Soyinka 50).

    9.) Soyinka, Wole. Death and the King's Horseman. London: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1975. Print.

    Extra Credit Questions:

    1.) After Elesin had died, his bride was supposed to close his eyes and sprinkle dirt over each one. After Elesin kills himself, she does this to him as she would have if it had been during the ritual (Soyinka 63).

    2.) Jane speaks to Olunde outside of the ball. Olunde shows up once everyone has left Jane alone outside. The stage directions say Olunde emerges into the light and says "I am looking for the District Officer" (Soyinka 40).

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  7. DEATH AND THE KINGS HORSEMAN

    David Derco, Patrick Neil Dutton, Brennan Lloyd, Gillian Brandes, Te'keyah Bailey

    Why does Olunde refuse to look at his father?
    He is ashamed of his father, "Oh son don't look at your father. Don't let the sight of your father turn you blind. I have no father." (Soyinka 49-50)
    Why does Iyaloja assent to Elesin's marriage to her son's fiancé
    She tries to convince him of what his duties are and why he needs to do this. "Not because we dare give you offense Elesin. Today is your day and the whole world is yours. . . We know you are a man of honour. you are not one who dates and leaves nothing on his pate for children." (Soyinka 15)
    Elesin does/doesn't die at the appointed time? Which/Why?
    He doesn't die, "What's going on? All this can't be just because he failed to stop my father killing himself? No. If he'd succeeded that would be moe likely to start the riot. . ." (Soyinka 48)
    Who's visit to the colony is Pilkings afraid of marring?
    The Prince, " You know the Prince is on tour of the colonies don't you? Well, he docked i nthe capital only this morning but he is already at Residency. HE is going to grace us with his presence later" (Soyinka 26)
    What religion are Joseph and Amusa?
    Christian "Joseph, are you Christian? Yessir" (Soyinka 21)
    Why and how does Olunde end up dead?
    Olunde sacrifices himself to restore his family's name because his father didn't kill himself. "There les the horn your household and of our race. Because he bare to let honour fly out of doors, he stopped it with his life." (Soyinka 61-62)
    Name an animal killed to accompany the king to the next life.
    His favorite horse and his dog, "He says a dog may be confused by new scents of beings that he never dreamed of, so he must precede the dog to heaven. HE says a horse may stumble on boulders and be lamed, so he races before his horse to heaven."(Soyinka 35)
    Who or what impedes Elesin's ritual?
    Pilkings "If it were a ritual murder I'd duty bound to do something about it" (Soyinka 25)


    Work Cited

    Soyinka, Wole. Death and the King's Horseman. New York: Norton, 1975. Print

    ReplyDelete
  8. 1.)Olunde refused to look at his father because he was ashamed that Elesin did not go through the ritual. “I have no father”(Soyinka 61) there was also a quote on page 50 “I have no father, eater of leftovers” which to me seemed like he is forgetting that he has a father and all the wrong that he has done.

    2.) I think that she is making him see what he is to do and the responsibilities that he has, and how he needs to use them. "Not because we dare give you offense Elesin. Today is your day and the whole world is yours ...You are not one who dates and leaves nothing on his pate for children."(Soyinka 15)

    3.) I do not think that Elesin dies exactly when he was supposing to. "What's going on? All this can't be just because he failed to stop my father killing himself? (Soyinka 48) Elesin also talks about how the night is not the same and the world has no peace. “The world is not at peace. You have shattered the peace of the world forever. There is no sleep in the world tonight”

    4.) The Prince is the one who visits the colony. " You know the Prince is on tour of the colonies don't you? Well, he docked in the capital only this morning but he is already at Residency. He is going to grace us with his presence later" (Soyinka 26)

    5.) Both Joseph and Amusa claim to be Christians. Pilkings asks, “Are you a Christian or are you not?" Joseph replies "Yessir" (Soyinka 21).

    6.) Olunde dies from the ritual. He sacrifices himself for his family. “Today a child must carry a father’s burden.. Today I will face the gatekeepers of heaven preparing the glorious entry of my king! He stabs himself” (Soyinka 85)

    7.) the kings dog and horse were killed. “They have slain the favourite horse the King and slain his dog." (Soyinka 60) “He says a horse may stumble on boulders and be lamed, so he races before his horse to heaven."(Soyinka 35)

    8.) pilkings is the one that stops Elesin’s ritual. “White man, you must let me out. I have a duty to perform. I most certainly will not” (Soyinka 73).

    9.) Soyinka, Wole. Death and the King’s Horseman. New York, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. 2003. Print.



    Extra Credit:
    1. Elesin’s new bride pours dirt in his eyes. “The girl takes up a little earth, walks calmly into the cell and closes Elesin's eyes. She then pours some earth over each eyelid and comes out again” (Soyinka 63)

    2. Olunde. "Olunde. Let's look at you. What a fine young man you have become. Grand but solemn. Good God, when did you return? Simon never said a word. But you do well Olunde.” (Soyinka 40)

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  9. Alyssa Dietz, Jacob Neal, Nick Sauble, Alysha McCleaf, Erin Septer

    1. Why does Olunde refuse to look at his father?

    Elesin: “ Olunde? [ He moves his head, inspecting him from side to side]. Olunde! [ He collapses slowly at OLUNDE’s feet.] Oh son, don’t let the sight of your father turn you blind!” ( Soykins 49)


    2. Why does Iyaloja assent to Elesin’s marriage to her son’s fiancé?

    Iyaloja warns him to be careful and travel light. “I warned you, if you must leave a seed behind, be sure it is not tainted with the curses of the world” (Soyinka 55).



    3. Elesin does/not die at the appointed time (which is it?)

    Olunde kills himself to retain the honour lost by his father. Elesin did not die at the appointed time. He killed himself once he found out his son died. He was so full of grief.

    Praise-singer: “ Oh my companion, if you had followed when you should , we would not say the horse preceded its rider. If you had followed when it was time we not say the dog has raced beyond and left his master behind. If you had raised your will to cut the thread of life at the summons of the drums, we would not say your mere shadow fell across the gateway and took its owner’s place at the banquet” (Soyinka 61).


    4. Whose visit to the colony is Pilkings afraid that Elesin's ritual will mar?

    Pilkings is afraid that id Olunde comes he will stir up the natives.

    Pilkings: “ These natives here? Good gracious. They’ll open their mouths and yap with you about their family secrets before you can stop them. Only the other day…” (Soyinka 23)

    5. What religion are Joseph and Amusa?

    Pilkings: “ Nonsense, he’s a Moslem. Come on now Amusa, you don’t believe in all this nonsense do you? I thought you were a good Moslem” (Soyinka 19)

    Pilkings: “ Thank God for some sanity at last. Now, Joseph, answer me on the honour of a christian- what is supposed to be going on in town tonight” (Soyinka 21)

    6. Why and how does Olunde end up dead?

    Olunde ends up dead because he sacrificed himself, when he returned from studying abroad he was expecting his father "Elesin" to be dead. When Olunde found out that his father had not gone through with the act he gave his own body up and sacrificed himself.

    Iyaloja: “ There lies the honour of your household and of our race. Because he could not bear to let honour fly out the door, he stopped it with his life. The son has proven the father, Elesin, and there is nothing left in your mouth to gnash but infant gums” ( Soyinka 61-62).

    7. Name an animal killed to accompany the king into the next life.

    Praising- Singer: “ But the hunter, laden with slain buffalo, stayed to root in the cricket’s hole with his toes” (Soyinka 61).


    8. Who or what impedes (or tries to impede) Elesin's ritual?

    Simon impedes on Elesin’s ritual.

    Elesin to simon: “ And not merely my life but the lives of many.The end of the night’s work is not over. Neither this year nor the next will see it. If I wished you well, I would pray that you do not stay long enough on our land to see the disaster you have brought upon us”. ( Soykina 50)

    9. Bibliographic citation of the edition of the play your group used, as it would appear in a list of Works Cited.

    Soyinka, Wole. Death and The King’s Horseman. New York: W.W Norton & Company, 2003. Print



    Extra Credit:

    1. What does Elesin's new bride do as part of his burial ceremony?

    [ The girl takes up a little earth, walks calmly into the cell and closes Elesin’s eyes. She then pours some earth over each eye-lid and comes out again.] (Soykins 63)


    2. Who does Jane Pilkings speak to outside the ball?

    Olunde: “ What cause Mrs. Pilkings”?

    Jane: “ All this. The ball. And his highness being here in person and all that”. ( Soykins 41)

    ReplyDelete
  10. Matt Petrie

    1. Olunde would not look at his father because Elesin did not follow through with the ritual. Olunde says on page 50 "I have no father." This is essentially showing that he is disowning Elesin in a way as a result on his fathers lack of fulfilling the ritual.

    2.I think Iyaloja allows Elesin to have her son's bride because it is Elesin's last moments in this stage of life. He will soon have to fulfill the ritual and move onto the next stage of life, and because Iyaloja realizes this, she feels as if she must satisfy his needs. "Today is your day and the world is yours" (Soyinka 15).

    3.Elesin does not die at the appointed time due to the Pilkings interrupting the ritual. "you believed in the time- as yet we cannot tell how much of our world is destroyed" (Soyinka 88). This quote explains how the women believe that the world is coming to an end due to the inability for Elesin to fulfill the ritual properly and at the appointed time.

    4. The Prince is coming to Yoruba, "You know the Prince is on tour of the colonies dont you?" (Soyinka 26) Pilkings thinks that if the Prince hears of the "suicide" of Elesin, he will think that Pilkings does not have complete control of the colony.

    5. Joseph and Amusa claim to be Christians because that is what the Pilkings almost force on them. Pilkings asks Joseph at one point "Are you a Christian or are you not?" (Soyinka 21) and Joseph replies "Yessir" (Soyinka 21). This shows how Joseph and Amusa somewhat forced to this religion, as if they said no there would most likely be worse consequences than just saying yes.

    6. Olunde ends up dead because of the ritual. He realizes that his father did not fulfill his duty and as a result, Olunde believes that he must now sacrifice himself instead. "Today a child must carry a fathers burden" (Soyinka 85). He stabs himself to death, which also messes with the ritual as this death is looked at as much more horrific.

    7. The kings horse was killed as part of the ritual. "they have slain the favorite horse of the king..." (Soyinka 60). Also, "...so he races before his horse to heaven" (Soyinka 35), speaking about how the horse will then accompany the king in the next stage.

    8. Pilkings is one man who interferes with Elesin's part of the ritual. Elesin pleads for Pilkings to release him, saying "I have a duty to perform" (Soyinka 73). Because of Pilkings cultural lense being on still, he see's Elesin's death as a suicide and not as part of the Yoruba culture.

    9. Soyinka, Wole. Death and the King's Horseman. New York, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. 2003. Print.

    Extra Credit
    1. Elesin's bride closes his eyes and sprinkles dirt over him. "The girl takes up a little earth, walks calmly into the cell and closes Elesin's eyes. She then pours some earth over each eyelid and comes out again" (Soyinka 63).

    2. Jane Pilkings speaks to Olunde outside the ball. Olunde tells her "I am looking for the District Officer" (Soyinka 40).









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